1.5.5. Connection Locator

Frequently, high-traffic PHP applications use multiple database servers, generally one for writes, and one or more for reads. The ConnectionLocator allows you to define multiple ExtendedPdo objects for lazy-loaded read and write connections. It will create the connections only when they are when called. The creation logic is wrapped in a callable.

1.5.5.1. Runtime Configuration

First, create the ConnectionLocator:

use Aura\Sql\ExtendedPdo;
use Aura\Sql\ConnectionLocator;

$connections = new ConnectionLocator();

Now add a default connection; this will be used when a read or write connection is not defined. (This is also useful for setting up connection location in advance of actually having multiple database servers.)

$connections->setDefault(function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=default.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
});

Next, add as many named read and write connections as you like:

// the write (master) server
$connections->setWrite('master', function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=master.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
});

// read (slave) #1
$connections->setRead('slave1', function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=slave1.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
});

// read (slave) #2
$connections->setRead('slave2', function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=slave2.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
});

// read (slave) #3
$connections->setRead('slave3', function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=slave3.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
});

Finally, retrieve a connection from the locator when you need it. This will create the connection (if needed) and then return it.

$read = $connections->getRead();
$results = $read->fetchAll('SELECT * FROM table_name LIMIT 10');

1.5.5.2. Construction-Time Configuration

The ConnectionLocator can be configured with all its connections at construction time; this is useful with dependency injection mechanisms.

use Aura\Sql\ConnectionLocator;
use Aura\Sql\ExtendedPdo;

// default connection
$default = function () {
    return new ExtendedPdo(
        'mysql:host=default.db.localhost;dbname=database',
        'username',
        'password'
    );
};

// read connections
$read = array(
    'slave1' => function () {
        return new ExtendedPdo(
            'mysql:host=slave1.db.localhost;dbname=database',
            'username',
            'password'
        );
    },
    'slave2' => function () {
        return new ExtendedPdo(
            'mysql:host=slave2.db.localhost;dbname=database',
            'username',
            'password'
        );
    },
    'slave3' => function () {
        return new ExtendedPdo(
            'mysql:host=slave3.db.localhost;dbname=database',
            'username',
            'password'
        );
    },
);

// write connection
$write = array(
    'master' => function () {
        return new ExtendedPdo(
            'mysql:host=master.db.localhost;dbname=database',
            'username',
            'password'
        );
    },
);

// configure locator at construction time
$connections = new ConnectionLocator($default, $read, $write);